Archive for Septembrie 2010
Moderate by nature and brought up strictly by his father and elder borther, Mihailo had smoked little before; but from that time on he smoked constantly and passionately. He discovered that this permanent little flame before his eyes was a blessing and that the same purple smoke which tickles the eyes and the throat made it possible for a man to shed a tear without weeping, and, in exhaling the smoke, to sigh without sighing. So this flame shone before his eyes or burned between his fingers for many years to come. The smoke, always the same and yet forever varied, helped prevent his thoughts from reverting to what he feared most, and in exceptionally tranquil hours guided him into a state of complete oblivion and forgetfulness; it fed him, like bread, and comforted him, like a friend. At night he would dream about smoking as others dream of encounters with those they love. But when his dreams turned into nightmares and he thought he saw Krsto’s body or Krstinitsa’s eyes, he would awaken with a cry, seize tobacco as one would a pistol, or as those who do not sleep alone would seise somebody’s hand. And as soon as the flint had ignited in the dark, and the tobacco had caught the sparks, he would relax and with the invisible smoke he would blow away the burden from his agitated mind.
Ivo Andric, The Vizier’s Elephant. Three novellas. Chicago: Gateway, 1970, 83-84.
Cam de pe la Descartes incoace, ne-am obisnuit (noi, modernii) sa credem ca un animal e o masinarie automata fara suflet. Intr-un limbaj mai apropiat epocii noastre (behaviourism, carevasazica) un animal e tot un automat, de data asta bazat pe instincte si pe mecanismul stimul-raspuns. A spus-o Pavlov: aprinzi lumina, saliveaza ciinele! Intre Descartes si Pavlov si-a itit capul si Immanuel Kant, dupa care animalele nu pot face parte din imperiul moral – nici ca subiecte, nici ca obiecte ale atitudinii etice.
Geaba a incercat un Konrad Lorenz sa explice ca, evolutionist vorbind, e aburd sa crezi ca sentimentul moral a aparut asa, nitam-nisam in om; etologia comparata exact asta arata, ca atitudinea morala este dezvoltata in grade diferite in toata lumea animala, gasindu-si punctul maxim in fiinta umana. Geaba sustine si Stanley Coren ca inteligenta (gindirea rationala) este si ea distribuita gradual pe scara evolutiei! Inca mai continuam sa credem, cu o ciudata atitudine religioasa fata de noi insine, ca sintem foarte deosebiti de restul luimii vii. Si ca sintem superiori, bineinteles.
Iata si versiunea video completa a filmuletului de mai sus (cititi povestea si apoi scroll down pina la video). Discutam dupa aia.
Si mai puteti vedea:
UPDATE (17 martie 2011)
Si o dovada de loialitate fata de un prieten ranit in tsunami-ul din Japonia: